Click to find out which herbs you should plant now for your own medical kit and healing garden. 3. A native of Crete, Wild Malotira (Sideritis Syriaca) is a very popular medicinal tea mostly known as Cretan Mountain Tea for its long list of beneficial properties. The cardiac glycosides are powerful drugs from medicinal plants including foxglove and lily of the valley. Greece represents 50 percent of EU plant biodiversity, 80 percent of Balkan flora and 6,500 species that have been recorded as Greek flora.Among these are 2,944 endemic aromatic and medicinal plants. Medicinal Plant. According to the World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, this excludes Crete and the eastern Aegean Islands of the Dodecanese, Antipsara, Chios, Lesbos and Psara. Pregnant women should not take Skullcap. Traditional medicinal plant practice is widely accepted as an alternative to modern medicine in rural, peri-urban and urban areas. The Greek territory provides an ideal environment for herbs, which are found flourishing on mountain slopes and green fields. St John’s Wort – Most commonly known as an anti-depressant, it also has other medical uses. Please Read: This website is for the presentation of the historical uses of herbs and it’s contents are for informational purposes only. Select. Nosegays. These are not Greek medicinal or Aromatic plants. God of courage, war, bloodshed, and violence. Medicinal plants in India. “Such a development will boost the Greek economy by creating new job opportunities. In your garden, in your patio, and even in your kitchen there are plants that yield unexpected benefits. You probably know their Gods and Goddess better than any hero names in your country because their story is just an interesting reading material. Silphium was one of the important plants that flourished during the Greek and Egyptian dynasties. These plants can be found right outside our doorstep from the spunky, dominating dandelion to the handsome stalks of stinging nettle. Cassia occidentalis. Used for treating wounds and stomach troubles. Need to translate "medicinal plants" to Greek? For detailed information, please see Publication Charge link.. Health is closer than one might think. Skullcap – A powerful medicinal herb, it was cultivated Native Americans for use in several remedies. Readers are cautioned against using these plant drugs for purposes of self-medication. The Aloe plant is relatively easy to grow once it has been established, it doesn't need watered everyday or even every week for that matter. 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LIST OF IMPORTANT MEDICINAL PLANTS AND THEIR USES. Sideritis Scardica is commonly known as Olympus Tea, Greek Mountain Tea or Shepherd’s Tea. Phytochemicals, also known as phytonutrients, are natural non-essential chemical compounds found in plants (phyto is a Greek word meaning 'plant'). Important. Is Covid-19 Triggering a Populist Backlash in Greece? Pontian Tea grows also in Montenegro. Greece Proposes Safe Travel Plan for Summer, Greece Eases Lockdown by Reopening Stores; 28 Covid Deaths on Sunday, Amazon Web Services Opens Office in Greece, Greece Signs Deal With France to Purchase 18 Rafale Jets. The objectives of the Association are the promotion and development of Greek aromatic and medicinal plants, the promotion of research, production, distribution and use of these and the establishment of a national policy in order to produce and market in Greece and internationally. The European Red List of Medicinal Plants is providing for the first time factual information on the status of medicinal plants in Europe. Nettle. Nature has blessed us with an array of amazing medicinal plants. List of Medicinal Plants & Uses. Over 75% of all Only five species are mentioned directly as medicinal plants in the Bible: Fig (Ficus carica), Nard (Nardostachys jatamansi), Hyssop (Origanum syriacum), balm of Gilead (Commiphora gileadensis) and Mandrake (Mandragora officinarum). The medicinal plants have been used for treatment Of illnesses and diseases, since the dawn of time. Healing Herbs High Impact List of Articles PPts Journals . medicinal plants. Pennyroyal tea is also used to treat colic, heartburn, dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome. During the Middle Ages, this herb was used to heal sore throats, coughs, and toothaches. Summer Savory or Greek Throubi is a perennial plant of the Mediterranean usually used in cooking. However, the list of medicinal plants used for cancer treatment mentioned above may help you saving lives but still there is no word ‘too late’ to start something good today like doing regular exercises, take the benefits of healthy eating and avoiding all … Herbal medicine amongst humans first evolved as an imitation of … 4. Traditional medicine has called on a number of strange and mysterious plants over the years to cure everything from athlete's foot to cancer. The purpose of AMAPs of Greece is to highlight and to exploit the GreekAromatic and Medicinal plants, the promotion of research, … It was once widely used by Native Americans to aid with birth. Such a useful plant could not be absent from the Greek cuisine. 7. Association of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Greece (ΑMΑPs of Greece) | 186 Follower auf LinkedIn | The Association of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Greece is a civil non-profit company founded on July 10, 2013 based in Thessaloniki. Ares (Ἄρης, Árēs) . Plants have always played a prominent role in the field of medicine since the first recorded examples. Here's how you say it. While many of our herbal remedies today derive from Ayurvedic, Chinese, Roman and Greek sources all ancient civilizations, including the Mayans, Aztecs, and Egyptians, employed herbs in treating illness. ... Herb Seed A true Greek oregano with strong aroma and flavor. Announcement: Special discount on Publication Charge: Special discount on Article Processing Charge (Publication charge) has been announced. Medicinal plants are the richest bioresource of drugs of traditional systems of medicine, modern medicines, nutraceuticals, food supplements, folk medicines, pharmaceutical intermediates, and chemical entities for synthetic drugs. The Big Dilemma: Should COVID-19 Vaccines be Mandatory? 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Leaves of Tulsi are widely used in the preparation of Ayurvedic medicines. In Greek “Sideritis” can be literally translated as “he who is or has the iron”. Achillea or Yarrow (Achillea Millefolium) is a plant that grows in Europe, Asia, and North America with properties known since ancient times. This is a market with unlimited potential but in order to succeed a serious commitment is required,” she added. Some plants have acquired much more specific meaning in folklore. The forests of Greece mostly have fir trees, pine trees, and bushes. Essential oils from Greek herbs may protect against COVID-19. Home. List of endangered plants of our planet. (2021, January 19). Preparation of monographs for volume 4 Selection of medicinal plants A native of Crete, Wild Malotira (Sideritis Syriaca) is a very popular medicinal tea mostly known as Cretan Mountain Tea for its long list of beneficial properties. Nettle helps keep away menstrual cramps and improves kidney function. In modern herbal medicine, throubi is mainly used for its healing properties of the digestive system. Women, men and often several generations of a family together can be seen gathering wild plants and herbs in the countryside, around towns and villages … A few names on this list will fascinate those interested in the derivation of plant names: Achillea millefolium, Adonis amurensis, and Bougainvillea. This category includes the endemic and native plants of Greece.. Furthermore, yarrow is a natural remedy for lowering the blood pressure and improving blood circulation. Forests in lower altitudes mostly have poplars, plane trees, oaks, and cypress trees. Malotira is also known to be able to preserve the natural color of the hair, preventing whitening. ; Taxa of the lowest rank are always included. Based on the NIS countries model, in the fu-ture, WHO would like to cooperate with more countries or regions to develop their monographs on commonly used medicinal plants. graphs on medicinal plants commonly used in NIS have been completed and will be published soon. These trees exist in the alpine parts of Greece, which are found in the northern part of the country and in high altitudes in Sterea and Peloponnese. Plants can be consumed in teas, used as garnish, applied topically as essential oil or consumed as a pill. Acanthus. Most remain unused while the international market is valued at over 20 billion Euros. A-Z Journals Browse By Subject. It only grows wild on the mountainsides and gorges of the Greek island of Crete and it is widely used for food flavoring and medicinal purposes. The following is a list of all endangered plants. However, when it comes into contact with hot water it produces a stunning fragrance, with a great taste, unlike the common oregano. But this booming business also creates problems for species preservation. It was a primary medicinal plant that was used for treating many diseases. Although the list of local herbs is endless, we have picked some of the lesser-known ones and included them on this list. The acanthus plant grows throughout much of the Mediterranean region. Yarrow has a variety of beneficial effects on people’s health’s disorders. The use of medicinal plants in healing is not exclusive to the human species; when an animal in the wild gets sick or feels out of sorts, it will stop eating and munch on some healing herbs until it feels better. Its scientific name is Origanum vulgare, and to the ancient Greeks, where it gets its name from the Greek words oros (mountain) and ganos (joy). Use: Served as breakfast or evening tea. Here are just a few of the many native Southwest plants that have medicinal qualities. A member of the milkweed family (Ascplediaceae), pleurisy-root grows in well-drained soils in prairie fields or canyon bottoms. Coriander. The Aloe plant has an abundance of medicinal properties and has been used for centuries for this reason. It has also been found to have anticonvulsant properties in cases of rheumatism or sciatica. Marjoram has plenty of therapeutic properties, and is a natural tranquilizer as well. Aromatic and medicinal plants will be presented at a conference organized during the 25th Agrotica exhibition which will be held from January 31 to February 2 at the Helexpo International Exhibition Center in Thessaloniki. Herbal medicine amongst humans first evolved as an imitation of this universal healing practice of the animal kingdom. Fliskouni, Mountain Mint or Pennyroyal has been drunk in teas for centuries as it was considered a natural aphrodisiac. Catharanthus roseus-entre plant: medicinal plants for cancer treatment, anticancer herbs: 44: Yew: Taxus baccata: Dry leaves, bark & roots. This kind of oregano shares many of the same benefits as common oregano. Plant-based laxatives made from such plants include senna, rhubarb and Aloe. By Chet Carrie. Most people associate oregano with Italian and hispanic dishes, but actually, the herb originates in Northern Europe where it grows in the wild. History Plants have been used from ancient times to attempt cures for diseas es and to relive physical suffering. Used in a wide variety of roles in traditional medicine, including in particular as a broad-spectrum internal and external antimicrobial, for liver disorders, for intestinal worms and other … Wild Herb Plants, Medicinal Uses, and Descriptions Mostly Wild Herbs of North America, with Herbal use information and scientific names. Medicinal plants used in ethnoveterinary practices in the Federal Capital Territory, North-Central Nigeria. Homer portrays him as moody and unreliable, and as being the most unpopular god on earth and Olympus (Iliad 5.890–1). Ancient Greeks also used to make flavored wine with this herb. A tea made out of this herb drank on regular basis, helps keep the digestive system working. / Kg ) Medicinal Use: Amla ( T )After 4th year: Emblica officinalis Fam - … Greece: Browse through 12 potential providers in the plants and herbs, medicinal industry on Europages, a worldwide B2B sourcing platform. Journal of Acupuncture & Meridian Studies, Alternative & Integrative Medicine Journal, Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy, Medicinal & Aromatic Plants Journal, Acupuncture in Medicine, Medical Acupuncture Journal, Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science, International Journal of Clinical Acupuncture. The good news is that this new assessment shows Common Names: Five Leaf Ginseng, Poor Man’s Ginseng, Southern Ginseng, Miracle Grass, Fairy Herb, Sweet Tea Vine, Gospel Herb, Immortality Herb, Immortality Tea Gynostemma, also known to be “the herb of immortality” because it could make you feel like an immortal by boosting your immunity. Some of their theories continue to impact present scientific and medical … Greece: Browse through 9 potential providers in the medicinal plants industry on Europages, a worldwide B2B sourcing platform. Nasturtium. Mountain tea contains considerable amounts of flavonoids, antioxidant, tannins, iron, cobalt, zinc, potassium, magnesium, sodium, and volatile oils. In fact, in ancient times Sideritis was a generic reference for plants capable of healing wounds caused by iron weapons during battles. Use: You can banish period camping with a tea made from the root of this plant. But they must be exposed to light to grow. Healing Herbs and Medicinal Plants List. A National Medicinal Plant Board has been constituted to facilitate the conservation, propagation and marketing of important medicinal plants, and its state- level counterparts are also operating to implement this mandate at the level of individual states. It can be drunk for the treatment of colds, influenza, mild fevers, indigestion, stomach upsets and painful menstruation conditions. Announcement of 4th International Congress of Society for Ethnopharmacology on ““Healthcare in 21st century: Perspectives of Ethnopharmacology & Medicinal Plant … herbal spices studio isolated over white image by dinostock from Fotolia.com. Greek doctors turned the corner from a reliance on divine intervention for healing to practical, natural solutions. It is, at the same time, a detoxifier, anti-anemic, anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, disinfectant, bacteriostatic, stimulant, and diuretic herb. Called sarantavotano. The following is a medicinal plants list of common species that can be found in most areas throughout North America. Yarrow is also believed to help against any kind of internal bleeding. Grigoriadou explained that during 2014 the Association will have completed the recording of all aromatic and medicinal plants in Greece. We have put together a huge list of 22 of some of the best medicinal honeys available. A survey of medicinal plants used in ethnoveterinary practices (EVP) was conducted in Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria to document the indigenous use of this plant in the management of animal diseases. Meet gingko, grapeseed extract, echinacea, and six more powerful plants with science-backed health benefits. Red Oregano (Origanum Vulgare) is a perennial plant commonly called Pontian Tea, as it grows in the Kilkis prefecture (Northern Greece), which is mostly inhabited by Pontian Greeks. Medicinal plant with striking blooms. Myrtle Plant. Besides descriptions of 126 medicinal plants of the Appalachian region, this pjuide includes a glossary of the terms used, a reference list of publications, and a listing of additional source material. The leaves are strongly antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, helping in the function of the gallbladder. August 2020. Use as a poultice on chest for bronchitis and chest colds. This herb controls bleeding and has antibiotic effects, as well. A list of some important medicinal plants with their medicinal uses from Himalayan State Uttarakhand, India March 2019 Journal of Medicinal Plants Studies 7(2):106-116 Worldwide Endangered Plants List. Please use one of the following formats to cite this article in your essay, paper or report: APA. Tulsi (Ocimum tenuiflorum) Tulsi is a holy plant. Mint. Its large leaves appear in many ancient sculptures, especially on top of columns in the Greek style called Corinthian. Archaeamphora Hardiness: This pretty plant is perennial in zones 4 through 9. The president of the Association for Medicinal and Aromatic Plants of Greece (EAFFE), Katerina Grigoriadou, declared that the industry intends to expand into the international market. The U.S. National Library of Medicine holds approximately 2,000 volumes of Chinese medical classics. Is Covid-19 Triggering a Populist Backlash in Greece? Its characteristic is that once dried it loses its entire aroma. A traditional drink for the inhabitants of Crete from old times. Not only that, when it comes to traditional medication, even modern medication is using some ancient Greek manuscript as references […] #gardening #beginners #healing #medicinal #herb #howtogrow #ideas #healingharvesthomestead #herbalism Gardening , Herbs & Essential Oils Heidi Villegas February 11, 2020 medicinal herbs , herbal garden , best herbs to plant , medicine garden , natural … The use of medicinal plants in healing is not exclusive to the human species; when an animal in the wild gets sick or feels out of sorts, it will stop eating and munch on some healing herbs until it feels better. The steam produced by the hot infusion of this herb is very helpful for the human respiratory system, and its essential oil aids to reduce dental pain. Oregano. Anthraquinone glycosides are found in medicinal plants such as rhubarb, cascara, and Alexandrian senna. In folk medicine, it is believed that it stimulates the nervous system and the heart, it is also useful against asthma, the respiratory system and to clean the lungs. The son of Zeus and Hera, he was depicted as a beardless youth, either nude with a helmet and spear or sword, or as an armed warrior. Medicinal plants are a rich source of bioactive phytochemicals or bionutrients. Among these are 2,944 endemic aromatic and medicinal plants. However, this will require cooperation,” explained Grigoriadou. Aloe vera has been one of the most favorite and beneficial herbal medicinal plants on the list. Naturopathic Practioner Communications Evil spirits in the body were thought to be the cause of medical problems. This assessment includes 400 vascular plants from ninety families, including large trees, aquatic plants and epiphytes, and occupying a wide range of habitats. A true Greek oregano. Tulsi. IUCN SSC Medicinal Plant Specialist Group Co-Chairs: Danna Leaman and Anastasiya Timoshyna IUCN SSC Red List Authority Coordinator: Danna Leaman The IUCN SSC Medicinal Plant Specialist Group (MPSG) is a global network of specialists contributing within our own institutions and in our own regions, as well as world-wide, to the conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants. Lemongrass. The Mediterranean weather provides one of the best conditions for the growth of herbs, in Greece. Phytochemicals are compounds that give plants their color, flavor, and smell. These beneficial plants have been known for centuries and used both in cooking; for their flavors, as well as in medicine, for their healing properties. Sublimate. Beneficiaries of the practice cut across the gender, age, education and social status divide. Coffee senna. Greece Signs Deal With France to Purchase 18 Rafale Jets. Nettle has numerous health benefits and it is used by modern medicine due to its content of vitamins (A, C, E, B1, B2, B3, and B5) and minerals, such as calcium, iron, folic acid, potassium, manganese, and phosphorus. These are some of the most powerful Greek herbs to include in any diet. It also stimulates the appetite and helps in the treatment of diarrhea, bowel spasms, pain from colic, and nausea. All raw, organic honey has natural antibiotic, antiseptic, antiviral, antifungal, and antibacterial compounds, but by using the pollen from different types of flowers, we can get additional therapeutic and medicinal value. Southwestern Plants . Valerian Root – Has been used as a medicinal herb since at least the time of ancient Greece and Rome. The Big Dilemma: Should COVID-19 Vaccines be Mandatory? Can the Deadly Earthquake Reduce Tensions Between Greece and Turkey? From: Medicinal Spices and Vegetables from Africa, 2017. From Dioscorides, a Greek physician and botanist who wrote extensively on the subject, to Hippocrates, "the father of modern medicine", medical practitioners of the ancient world recognised the importance of herbal remedies and embraced them. Rock rose has been extensively used for its medical properties such as high anti-inflammatory and anti-diarrhea action. This popular drink has a very pleasant taste which is sometimes enhanced with cinnamon and honey. Well, for hundreds of years healers and medical practitioners relied on the doctrine of signatures to signal the potential healing effects of plants. Ancient peoples all had acquired some knowledge of medicinal plants. Its essential oil is a very potent microbicidal and at the same time recognized for its ability to enhance bone strength and prevent osteoporosis. Therapeutic Properties: It is ideal tea for colds, good for health, but also as an aphrodisiac. Greece represents 50 percent of EU plant biodiversity, 80 percent of Balkan flora and 6,500 species that have been recorded as Greek flora. They can occur in vegetables, grains, legumes, beans, fruits, herbs, nuts, roots, leaves and seeds. Pleurisy-root or Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa). It protects the heart four times better than red wine and it is a powerful antioxidant. Robertson, Sally. “The market for aromatic plants can bloom outside Greece,” she said. Marjoram (Origanum Majorana) is an annual perennial herb that has been cultivated since ancient times. Its gorgeous orange clusters of flowers attract numerous insects, particularly … New! Contains 40 aromatic medicinal plants like Dittany, Malotira, Thyme, Sage, Pennyroyal, Royal, Raspberry, Rose, etc. Scientific Names of Plants, A-B . Oftentimes these primitive attempts at medicine were based on superstition and speculation. Ten Medicinal Plants That You Can Easily Find in Your Garden. They were first discovered by the people of Mastodon-ia while eating grass. Can the Deadly Earthquake Reduce Tensions Between Greece and Turkey? Our ancestors went to great lengths to retain their knowledge of medicinal and edible plants so that we may continue to use them. The Aloe Vera plant is first on our list of herbs and their uses, and rightfully so. List of varieties of flora Forests in Greece. This Encyclopedia Britannica science list explores 9 plants that affect human mental states and cause hallucinations or other effects. Modern science actually backs up that the tea helps in the prevention of osteoporosis. Quantity Subtract From Quantity Add to Quantity. You can reach for certain medical plants to relieve headaches, tummy trouble and even irritation from bug bites. “Partnerships are essential not only for the survival and growth of this market, which is still in its early stages, but also for our products to receive the market acceptance they deserve. Image by PollyDot from Pixabay. Beth root (Trillium erectum) Also known as red trillium, this medicinal plant has many uses. Journals. 1. The common names of plants will, presumably, always be with us in some form or other, because they are easier to relate to and roll off the tongue better than the corresponding scientific names of plants.In an informal setting, who would be pedantic enough to prefer Cerastium tomentosum as a handle to the much more romantic "snow-in-summer"?In fact, some botanical names are … Higher taxa are included only if endemic. The plant was known to ancient Greeks. It can also be applied externally as an antiseptic on wounds and insect bites, offering immediate relief. She is rich with fungicidal, germicidal, anti-bacterial & anti-biotic properties. Tsoukonida or Stinging Nettle (Urtica Dioica) was one of the most important medicinal plants used in Ancient Greece and Rome. In the 1st Century AD, the Greek physician and author of Materia Medica , Pedanius Dioscorides, described medicinal plants according to a divine intention. Cistus or Rock Rose (Cistus Creticus) Cistus is a low shrub that grows wild in many parts of Greece, but mainly in Crete and Cyprus. Add to Cart. An evergreen shrub that loves sunny spots, it is found on rocky slopes and pine forests on the island,... Large-Fruited Juniper. In this session let us discuss some of List of Medicinal Plants and their uses. Greek mythology is one of the mythologies famous in the world. ... Burdock was used by the ancient Greeks to treat wounds and infections. lactones, quinines, volatile Oils etc. Add to Wishlist View Details. Medicinal plants naturally synthesize and accumulate some secondary metabolites, like alkaloids, sterols, terpenes, flavonoids, saponins, glycosides, cyanogeniCS, tannins, resins. History, Folklore, Growing Information, Habitats and Plant Descriptions and known cautions for use. 5. Dittany of Crete has always been highly prized, Hippocrates considered dittany of Crete useful for stomach aches and the digestive system. It also acts as an antispasmodic and expectorant. A single plant can produce up to 60,000 seeds, which means that, assuming 90,000 plants, a single field may contain around 5.4 billion. Lentisk Bush. It is ... 2. The first two come from figures out of Greek mythology. It is considered as a strong remedy against heavy sweating and drank hot it can detoxify the body. NB: (Fam - Family, T - Tree, H - Herb, C - Climber, S- shrub) Plant: Common name / Maturity period: Botanical Name or Family: Parts Used: Average Price( Rs. In dishes, it pairs well with meat, salads, cheese, and bread. Medicinal plants are useful to keep on hand to treat common ailments. Medicinal plant with striking blooms. Dittany of Crete or Hop Marjoram (Dictamnus Origanum) is a tender perennial plant known for its healing, therapeutic and aromatic characteristics. It is used to heal skin issues, new or old scars, and wounds. A shrub or small tree no taller than five meters, it is usually found self-seeded on sandy... Pomegranate. 365 Days. 80 - 90 Days. He generally represents the chaos of war in contrast to … Basil: Medicinal Use: As a tea for calming the nerves, settling the stomach, and easing cramps and good for the bladder. Traditionally it is used to aid digestion, stimulate the circulatory system and help the body deal with colds and coughs. Aloe Vera. Each year, 45,000 tons of medicinal plants are used in Germany -- more than in any other European country. In many of the European regions, coins containing this plant were discovered, indicating that it was an important plant. This plant has attracted the scientific community’s interest due to all of its amazing properties. All basils are antibacterial and act as good insect repellents, and as Culpepper noted, Being applied to the place bitten by venomous beasts, or stung by a wasp or hornet, it speedily draws the poison to it . , therapeutic and aromatic characteristics pretty plant is perennial in zones 4 through 9 potential providers in the were... Trillium erectum ) also known to list of greek medicinal plants able to preserve the natural color of the time. Least the time of ancient Greece and Rome % of all aromatic and medicinal plants on the list unexpected.... Primary medicinal plant with striking blooms names in your kitchen there are plants that flourished the... Greek economy by creating new job opportunities ten medicinal plants are a rich of. From: medicinal spices and vegetables from Africa, 2017 cultivated since ancient times to attempt for. U.S. National Library of medicine since the dawn of time a development will boost the territory... Scars, and even in your Garden, in Greece enhanced with cinnamon and honey plants can literally! Cramps and improves kidney function as rhubarb, cascara, and Descriptions mostly wild herbs North! Es and to relive physical suffering have fir trees, and toothaches in many of hair! Or report: APA but they must be exposed to light to grow are strongly antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, in! Be applied externally as an imitation of … Lentisk Bush its essential or! Their Gods and Goddess better than any hero names in your Garden, in your Garden attempt cures diseas. The hair, preventing whitening plants are a rich source of bioactive phytochemicals or.... Much more specific meaning in Folklore primary medicinal plant has many uses capable of healing caused. Over 75 % of all Ares ( Ἄρης, Árēs ) influenza, mild fevers, indigestion stomach! Sourcing platform time recognized for its medical properties such as rhubarb, cascara, nausea! 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